Refugees in Romania: A portrait

Refugees in Romania: A portrait


Create the profile of beneficiaries of international protection (persons with granted refugee status or subsidiary protection) in Romania (hereafter refugees) using a representative survey.


  1. The selection of survey participants

The first step is to determine who will be invited to participate in the survey. This decision can be taken based on three types of information: sample size, expected response rate, the sample representativeness, and the breakdown level.

  1. Survey type

The second step is to decide the type of survey to be used in the study. There are five main types of surveys according to their distribution vehicle: mail, e-mail, over the phone, online, or in-person. Considering the characteristics of the population surveyed and the pandemic conditions, a combination between telephone and online options seem to be the most adequate solution. Thus, our researchers will call randomly selected telephone numbers to invite the respondents to participate in the survey. In special cases, the respondents will also have the option to receive a link with the online questionnaire or to receive it via mail.

  1. Designing the survey questions

The third step consists in designing the survey questions and layout. The questionnaire will be available online (Questionpro) and in a printed version. It will include items regarding their situation before leaving home country, the current situation and their life in Romania, and of course, socio-demographic characteristics.

  1. Survey dissemination

The fourth step will be to distribute the survey. According to the methods chosen, we will reach via the telephone the respondents and invite them to answer to several questions. For special situations (illiterate respondents, health issues, etc.), we will have the option to send the questionnaire via mail or e-mail/other electronic communication platforms.

  1. Data cleaning

The fifth step will be to filter and clean the data collected. Fort this operation programmes such SPSS, R, or Stata will be used. There are various techniques to be employed here – errors distribution, non-answers frequencies, etc. This step also includes the random check of how the questionnaires were completed by the field operators.

  1. Response analysis

The sixth step will be to analyse the responses. In this process, univariate methods (such as frequencies, mean or median values, graphs, maps, etc.) will be created using programmes such as SPSS, R, Stata, ArGis, Office, etc. We will also compare the results with other previous studies to identify possible errors and external validity.

  1. Writing up the results

The seventh step will be to write up the results. For this purpose, we will divide the items included in the survey to the total number of researchers and each will conduct an analysis of the respective questions. In addition, besides the feedback to be provided by the UNCHR we will also submit for feedback the report to the centre’s Advisory Bord which is formed by well- known scholars in the field of migration studies/sociology.



Dr. Alexandra Porumbescu teaches at the International Relations and European Studies and Political Sciences specializations within the Faculty of Social Sciences, at the University of Craiova. With a PhD in sociology at the same institution and she published several studies and articles in the area of international migration (ProUniversitaria, 2016; ProUniversitaria, 2018), and also a book presenting the research on “Romanians` migration to Germany” (Sitech, 2015), the topic of her PhD thesis. Her more recent research approached topics such as refugee arrival and integration, and the results of these studies were discussed at international migration related conferences (RESPOND Conference, Cambridge, 2019), or migration routes and costs (International Conference Migration from, to and within Europe, Bologna, 2019). Alexandra also published several articles in internationally indexed scientific journals, researching international migration, European integration, common European policies or the social effects of European integration within the member states, especially Romania. Her proficiency in English, along with good knowledge of other languages will allow her to contribute both theoretically and empirically to this research endeavour.

ANATOLIE COSCIUG – Senior Researcher

Dr. Anatolie Coșciug is a member of the Sociology department at the University of Sibiu and vice-director of the Centre for Comparative Migration Studies at University of Cluj. He holds an PhD in sociology and has a long-standing interest in researching migration to and from Romania and other related phenomena, such as entrepreneurship, transnationalism, integration, or political involvement. Anatolie has extensive experience in conducting/being part of quantitative and qualitative research projects undertaken in Romania or abroad (Germany, Norway). His most recent publications include being an editor of a collective volume on immigration in Romania (Presa Universitară Clujeană, 2021), a coordinated journal special issue on immigration and integration in Romania (Social Change review, 2020), and various articles and book chapters on migration-related topics in some of the best international outlets (Migration Studies Journal, Journal of Ethnic and Migration studies, Anthem Press, etc.).


Astrid Hamberger has a extensive practical and academic experience in the field of integration of immigrants (BA and Master’s from University of Copenhagen, Denmark and University of Massachusetts, USA and PhD in migration studies from University of Bucharest, Romania). She is the founder and coordinator of the Migrant Integration Center of Brasov which implements projects that assist in the integration of immigrants in the city of Brasov. In the last 10 years she has coordinated several EU funded projects in this field which helped the Migrant Center in Brasov to grow and expand. She has volunteered on Lesbos Island in 2016 (right before the EU-Turkey pact) and collaborates other NGOs in this field and EASO’s Consultative Forum.

FAWZIA REHEJEH – Junior Researcher

Fawzia Rehejeh is a Syrian-Romanian master student at Lucian Blaga University of Sibiu, Romania (LBUS). She holds a bachelor’s degree in communication and Public Relations from LBUS and she currently pursues master studies in Advertisement and Brand at the same university. Her areas of interest include migration studies, political communication, and international relations. She published two peer-reviewed articles on the media representation of the European refugee crisis. In 2021, she founded the Arabic Cultural Center from Sibiu, Romania. Fawzia is fluent in English, Romanian and Arabic and has experience in conducting interviews as a field operator.

MARA BIROU – Junior Researcher

Mara Birou is a PhD candidate in Sociology at Babeș-Bolyai University, with a research on the voting behavior of migrants. She has extensive experience in public policies implementation for the integration of immigrants in Romania, being coordinator of Romanian language courses and cultural activities at LADO in Cluj-Napoca for two years. This position gave her the opportunity to refine her intercultural dialogue and create many contacts in immigrants networks and in the entities active in this field. Mara was involved in different quantitive and qualitative research projects at Babeș-Bolyai University, working as a field operator with various vulnerable groups, members of public institutions and various other communities. In the last two years she was part of the CRCMIS project where she also contributed with a chapter to the collective volume on immigration and integration in Romania (Presa Universitară Clujeană, 2021).

MARIUS MATICHESCU – research adviser

Marius Lupsa Matichescu is a lecturer in Sociology Department at West University of Timisoara, he obtained his PhD from the Sociology Department at Université Montpellier 3 “Paul Valery”, France in 2011. Relevant expertise for Project activities: With extensive expertise on sociological research and strong background in designing and implementing quantitative and qualitative approach, he will use his research experience on developing research tools and conducting the scientific analyses. His main research interests include social integration and political representation of minorities. He has published a number of papers in high ranking international journals as Comparative Politics, Communist and Post-Communist Studies and books prestigious editorial house at Lexington Books or Harmattan. He was project manager for research and action projects conducted with ethnic minorities or people from disadvantages regions.

GIORGIAN GUȚOIU –  research adviser

Giorgian Guțoiu is a teaching assistant at the Faculty of Social Sciences and Humanities, Lucian Blaga University of Sibiu. Since 2019 he holds a PhD in Political Sciences from the University of Bucharest with a thesis on urban electoral geography of Bucharest. His main areas of interest are in political behavior, urban sociology and human geography.


About the author

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *